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Mariyinsky Palace in Kiev
Mariinskiy Palace in Kiev is an official ceremonial residence of the President of Ukraine, in which solemn state events, rewarding, receptions and meeting of official delegations are held.
Maryinskiy Palace (History of foundation)
Once visiting Kiev the Russian Empress Elizaveta Petrovna (daughter of Petr I) was fascinated with city's beauty and ordered to built a special palace for the royal family. She has personally chosen the place for future building in Pechersk district. Mariinskiy palace was constructed in 1750-1755 by the project of the main royal court architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli, who had constructed Winter Palace (Zimniy Dvorets) in Saint Petersburg. In various years, during their visits to Kiev, members of tsar family and higher aristocracy representatives stayed in Mariinskiy palace.
During its long history the palace was numerously reconstructed. In 1870 the wooden second floor of the palace was destroyed by the fire, after that new stone floor was overbuilt. In 1874 Maria Alexandrovna (the wife of Tsar Alexandr Osvoboditel) stayed in the palace. She proposed to lay out a park opposite the Tsarist palace. Hence in her honor the Mariinskiy residence was named.
After the revolution of 1917 communist party came to power. At different times various organizations had been placed in palace building: revolution committee, deputy Council, than military head quarter staff, than agricultural and Shevchenko’s museum. During World War II the air bomb got into the building of Maryinskiy palace, so the central part was destroyed. After the war the palace was reconstructed anew.
When Ukraine got its Independance Mariinskiy Palace became the official President's of Ukraine mansion-house.